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Wildlife - Terrestrial

  This page contains checklists of animals found within, nearby or that potentially occur within Garland and Montgomery Counties, Arkansas.  Windows with interesting facts about certain animals have also been included.  Currently checklists for Mammals (Excluding Bats), Bats, Hummingbirds, Fish and Amphibians & Reptiles can be found on this website.  A link to a checklist of Birds of the Lake Ouachita region is found at the bottom of this page (from the Hot Springs Village Audubon Society).  Additional checklists will be added over time. 
Total Approximate Vertebrate Species at Lake Ouachita:
90 Amphibians & Reptiles
53 Mammals
123 Fish
217+/- Birds
483+/- Vertebrates 

Checklist of Mammals of Lake Ouachita, AR

(Excluding Bats)


Order Didelphimorphia

Family Didelphidae

1) Virginia opossum                        Didelphis virginiana


Order Soricomorpha

Family Soricidae

2) Southeastern shrew                  Sorex longirostris

3) Southern short-tailed shrew     Blarina carolinensis

4) Least shrew                               Cryptotis parva


Family Talpidae                                           

5) Eastern mole                            Scalopus aquaticus


Order Cingulata

Family Dasypodidae

6) Nine-banded armadillo             Dasypus novemcinctus


Order Lagomorpha

Family Leporidae

7) Eastern cottontail                     Sylvilagus floridanus

8) Swamp rabbit                           Sylvilagus aquaticus


Order Rodentia

Family Sciuridae

9) Eastern gray squirrel                Sciurus carolinensis

10) Eastern fox squirrel                Sciurus niger

11) Southern flying squirrel         Glaucomys volans

12) Woodchuck                             Marmota monax

13) Eastern chipmunk                  Tamias striatus


Family Castoridae

14) American beaver                    Castor canadensis


Family Geomyidae

15) Baird’s pocket gopher             Geomys breviceps


Family Cricetidae

16) Marsh rice rat                          Oryzomys palustris

17) Fulvous harvest mouse          Reithrodontomys fulvescens

18) North American deermouse    Peromyscus maniculatus

19) White-footed deermouse        Peromyscus leucopus

20) Cotton mouse                         Peromyscus gossypinus

? 21) Texas mouse                       Peromyscus attwateri

22) Golden mouse                        Ochrotomys nuttalli

23) Hispid cotton rat                     Sigmodon hispidus

24) Eastern woodrat                     Neotoma floridana

25) Woodland vole                       Microtus pinetorum

26) Common muskrat                  Ondatra zibethicus


Order Carnivora

Family Canidae

27) Coyote                                   Canis latrans

28) Red fox                                  Vulpes vulpes

29) Gray fox                                 Urocyon cinereoargenteus


Family Ursidae        

30) American black bear             Ursus americanus


Family Procyonidae

31) Raccoon                                 Procyon lotor


Family Mustelidae

32) Long-tailed weasel                 Mustela frenata

33) American mink                       Neovison vison

34) North American river otter     Lontra canadensis


Family Mephitidae

35) Eastern spotted skunk           Spilogale putorius

36) Striped skunk                         Mephitis mephitis


Family Felidae

? 37) Cougar                                Puma concolor

38) Bobcat                                    Lynx rufus


Order Artiodactyla

Family Cervidae

39) White-tailed deer                    Odocoileus virginianus


Exotic/Introduced Species:


Family Muridae

40) Roof rat                                   Rattus rattus

41) Brown rat (Norway rat)          Rattus norvegicus

42) House mouse                         Mus musculus


Family Myocastoridae

43) Nutria                                      Myocastor coypus



Bats of
Lake Ouachita

  Bats are one of the most ecologically beneficial species on earth.  Bats play a critical role in the control of insect populations and one bat can consume up to 3,000 insects in one night!  One colony of bats can consume tons of insects in one year.  Bats also eat many harmful insects such as mosquitoes that can carry deadly diseases, and agricultural pests such as moths and beetles.  The Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis), a common species in Arkansas, consumes approximately two million pounds of insects nightly in the Texas Hill country alone!   
  Bats are mammals, and are the only ones that can truly fly.  They maintain their body temperature, produce milk and significant portions of their bodies are covered with fur.  Bats are not blind and have relatively good eyesight.
  Arkansas native bats are insect eaters.  Bats hunt insects using a highly developed type of sonar called echolocation and can detect things as small as a human hair or a mosquito!   
In Arkansas, at least 17 species of bats are seasonal or permanent inhabitants of the State.  Approximately 14 species of bats are found within or in the vicinity of Lake Ouachita.


  A variety of interesting bats can be found around Lake Ouachita ranging from smaller Myotis species (with a body weight as little as .1 oz) to one of the largest types in the U.S., the Big Brown Bat (with a wing-span up to 16 inches).  Some species are more solitary and roost in small numbers like Seminole and Red bats, while others can roost in large colonies of thousands to millions of bats like the Free-tailed bat.  Hoary bats are even found in such remote islands like Bermuda, Iceland and Hawaii.   
Always avoid bats found in the open in daylight hours.  Never attempt to touch or pick up a bat with your bare hands as they will bite in self-defense.
  Do not harass bats or throw rocks or objects at them while they’re flying.  Bats do not attack people, and try very hard to avoid humans, but occasionally may swoop over your head to capture flying insects.  Remember the many benefits bats provide people daily and learn to appreciate them for their important role in nature.


Hummingbirds of the Lake Ouachita Region, Arkansas 

A "?" indicates the species may occur in the region.

Compiled 5 August, 2015

By Karl Studenroth



8 total species and potential species


Source: Peterson Field Guides.  Hummingbirds of North America.  Sheri L. Williamson.  2001.









A link to a checklist of Birds of nearby Hot Springs Village, by the Hot Springs Village Audubon Society is found below: 


  Under normal conditions bats are generally quite healthy and clean.  Only two diseases associated with bats have been known to have a very minuscule threat to people, rabies and histoplasmosis.  Rabies is a viral disease that can be spread to humans from an infected animal through a bite or scratch.  Only a tiny percentage of bats contract rabies, a much lower percentage compared to other animals like raccoons, skunks, dogs and cats.  The few bats that do contract rabies die quickly.  Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum that primarily affects the lungs.  The very small number of people who have contracted histoplasmosis is due to heavy inhalation of spores from bat guano in unventilated areas.  However, the transmittal of such diseases to humans is extremely rare, especially based on the high population of people in the U.S.   

Lake Ouachita Bat Checklist: 

? Indicates species may occur around the lake or Ouachita region. 

Family: Vespertilionidae (Twilight Bats) 
1) Big Brown Bat, Eptesicus fuscus
2) Silver-haired Bat, Lasionycteris noctivagans
3) Eastern Red Bat, Lasiurus borealis
4) Hoary Bat, Lasiurus cinereus
5) Seminole Bat, Lasiurus seminolus
6) Southeastern Myotis, Myotis austroriparius
7) ? Gray Bat, Myotis grisescens
8) ? Eastern Small-footed Bat, Myotis leibii
9) Little Brown Bat, Myotis lucifugus
10) Northern Long-eared Bat, Myotis septentrionalis
11) ? Indiana Bat, Myotis sodalis
12) Evening Bat, Nycticeius humeralis
13) Eastern Pipistrelle, Perimyotis subflavus 

Family: Molossidae (Free-tailed & Mastiff Bats)

14) Free-tailed Bat, Tadarida brasiliensis




Period/Time Present

Common Name

Scientific Name

Page # – Peterson Guide



Green-violet Ear

Colibri thalassinus









Breeding, Winter


Archilochus colubris





Archilochus alexandri



Fall, Winter


Calypte anna





Selasphorus platycercus



Summer, Winter


Selasphorus rufus



Fall, Winter


Stellula calliope


Pg. 5: Wildlife - Aquatic